Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
King Faisal Bin Abdulaziz

King Faisal Bin Abdulaziz

He was born in Safar 1324 AH (i.e., April 1906). His mother died when he was less than six months old, but he grew up in righteous religious environment. He received his legal education from his mother’s father, his grandfather Sheikh Abdul Latif Al-Sheikh. He too received social and administrative schooling from his father King Abdulaziz. He participated in a number of country unification campaigns during the reign of King Abdulaziz. 
King Faisal participated actively in politics. He led the Saudi delegation of the London Conference in 1358 AH (i.e., 1939) to discuss the Palestinian issue at what was later known as the "London Known Roundtable". He also led the Saudi delegation to attend the United Nations Conference held on April 25th, 1945 in San Francisco upon an invitation sent to King Abdulaziz by the Great Allied Powers. Faisal attended the conference, and was a signatory of the final document.  
Faisal attended the conference on the Charter of the United Nations on June 26th, 1945 (i.e., Rajab 1364 AH) and signed the Charter on behalf His Majesty King Abdulaziz.
When his brother King Saud gave him broad powers, including the power to review and modify laws and regulations, he established a number of systems, including the following: 

  • The New System for the Council of Ministers, replacing the old Council of Ministers system instituted by Decree No A/91 of 27/08/1412 AH.
  • A system of Public Officials, replacing the old civil service system.
  • Financial Systems.
  • A provincial System.
  • Municipal System.
  • A disciplinary System, etc.
He also reorganized the country's financial and administrative procedures, thus contributing significantly to the financial stability of Saudi Arabia.
It is during his reign that King Abdul Aziz’s National University became a government university. Also, regional colleges and institutes were brought under the umbrella of Imam Mohammad Bin Saud Islamic University, and the College of Petroleum became the University of Petroleum and Minerals.

On the 10th of Ramadan, 1393 AH (i.e., October 6th, 1973), the Arab –Israeli war broke out. The Kingdom took a courageous stand and decided to cut the sale of oil to countries supporting Israel. It also provided material and moral support to the countries that entered the war against Israel. This greatly contributed to their victory.  

His Death:
King Faisal died of a gunshot wound on Tuesday the 13th of Rabie Al Awal 1395 AH (i.e., March 25th, 1975). He was succeeded in office by his brother, the Crown Prince Khalid Bin Abdulaziz.

 Quotes from King Faisal:
  • Muslims in general and Arabs in particular should contact and understand each other and hold fast to Allah and his guidance.
  • Allah did not enjoin Muslim to be against progress; Islam is a religion of dignity and pride. Let us use the opportunity offered by Hajj to discuss ways of enhancing the conditions of Muslims.