Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
King Saud Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

King Saud Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

King Saud was born in Kuwait on the 1st of Shawwal 1319 AH (i.e., January 14th, 1902).  He was instructed in reading and religion sciences by the religious scholars of Najed, and was trained in his father's school, King Abdul Aziz.

When his father King Abdul Aziz died (God Rest His Soul) on the 2nd of Rabi-al-Awwal 1373 AH (i.e., November 9th, 1953), he ascended the throne of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. His uncles, brothers and influential people made allegiance to him. He then named HRH Prince Faisal as his Crown Prince.

Under the leadership of the two brothers, a number of internal forms and construction projects were carried out. The following are brief sample of some of these projects: 

The establishment of the Council of Ministers and the attribution of its presidency to Prince Faisal; its first meeting was held in Riyadh on Rajab 2nd 1373 AH (i.e., Marsh 7th 1954).

Educational Renaissance: The Education Directorate was converted into the Ministry of Education; his Royal Highness Prince Fahd was appointed Minister of Education. The education made tremendous quantitative and qualitative leaps in the years that followed.

Constructional Renaissance: It was the beginning of the largest and most notable movement. Many projects were initiated, notably the project for the expansion of the Prophet Mosque, which was adopted during the reign of King Abdulaziz, then the expansion of the Grand Mosque in Makkah.

In 1377 AH (i.e., 1958), the country experienced financial and administrative crises because of events in the Arab world. In Ramadan, 1377 AH (i.e., March 1958), King Saud decided to grant His Royal Highness Prince Faisal, Crown Prince and Prime Minister, broad powers to draw up the state's domestic and foreign policy and finance, to supervise the implementation and review of the council of Ministers system, and proposed need amendment to make necessary modifications to the existing systems.  

Then the Royal Decree No 42 of shawal 9th 1381 AH (i.e., March 17th, 1958) was issued making his Royal Highness Prince Faisal Vice-President to His Majesty in all state affairs, in his presence and in his absence .

In 1384 AH (i.e., 1964), His Majesty King Saud's health started to deteriorate, and therefore he decided to travel abroad for treatment, and stayed there. On the 2nd of Ramadan 1384 AH (i.e., January 5th, 1965), he sent his brother a letter announcing his abdication from power in favor of his brother Faisal, and made his allegiance to the new king of the country in accordance with the Book of Allah and the Sunna of his Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him).

In the month of Dhu al-Hijah 1388 AH (i.e., February 1969), King Saud Bin Abdul Aziz died in Athens, the capital of Greece. His body was taken to Makah where funeral prayers were conducted at the Holy Mosque. He was immediately transferred by plane to Riyadh and buried in the Al-Oud cemetery (God Rest His Soul).

Quotes from King Saud Bin Abdulaziz

  • Islam came and took us from lowliness and disgrace to the highest position. We used to be strong people alone, but by being united we are the leaders, the advocates who call to Allah.
  • Uniting all the Muslims and collecting their rumbles is the greatest duty that every Muslim must accomplish. I call on all Muslims to unite on the right path, unite their words and be like a single building block.